Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with many similar types of clothes originating from your Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes.[3] A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving versions of style and materials.

The word pyjama [4] was borrowed c. 1800 in the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[5][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian era. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % with the nineteenth century. They did not become a manner in Britain as well as Western entire world as sleeping attire for men right until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by several individuals in India e.g. by Ladies of various lessons, by Sikh Gentlemen, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, which is synonymous with Extended Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good several others within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is now Employed in muske pidzame London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty many years in the past, in reply to a question why pyjammas experienced feet sewn on to them (as was in some cases the case with Those people furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I feel, Sir, it is as a result of White Ants."[10]


Conventional pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend manufactured from tender material, which include flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.

In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas function a fall seat (generally known as a trap doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They may be somewhat rare.

Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length,[16] or, once in a while, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Chiefly from the US, extend-knit slumber apparel with rib-knit trimmings are typical. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.

Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited costume top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may well currently check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned preferred during the early twentieth century, consisting of shorter-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these incorporate capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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